May 22, 2017

THE MAGYARS OR MADJYARS, MAGARS, MAGAS, MANGAR OR MANGARA AND ‘KYAPCHHAKI AND KIPCSAK’ ETC.

"Whether in the Himalayas or in Caucasia the tribes referred to, it may be pointed out, war like. The foundation and maintenance of the kingdom of Nepaul and the invasion of India sufficiently prove this. Such too, were the assailants of the Roman empire, and the occupants of Pannonia, and such are the present inhabitants of Hungary." - Hyde Clarke, British philologist.

By B K Rana
Writing on  the ‘Magyar or Madjyar’  and Magars’ antiquity, I enjoy a lot and one of the reasons for that may be – I myself am ‘an insider or a Magar’ and or even ‘Kyapchhaki[1] Rana[2] Magar’ by my descent or origin, if I may not sound a nativist here. The ‘tribal’ name so far, ‘Kyapchaki’ with single ‘h’ is enumerated in one of Brian H. Hodgson’s essays (Hodgson 1874:43) and which is further discussed as, being related to Tartar kingdom, by a British philologist Hyde Clarke[3] in his paper – The Himalayan Origin of the Magyars 1874.

Additionally, I am very recently in contact with a Hungarian researcher, Magdi Hun-Kipcsak of  ‘Kőrösi Csoma Sándor Shambala Memorial Foundation’ in Hungary. And interestingly, some sort of typographic similarity in between these two ethno-names ‘Kyapchhaki and Kipcsak’ also has led me to write this short note here again today on whether there is any sort of connection between ‘Magyar or Madjyar’  and Magars of the Himalayan region. I posted earlier on May 4, 2017 saying that “Not all western as well as Hungarians scholars themselves believe there are any relationships between the Magyars of Hungary and Magars of Nepal.” 

While in search of their roots, a four member Hungarian research team headed by a television journalist and other three researchers had visited Magar villages in Nepal’s remote Rukum and Rolpa districts in the early 90s of the last century. Frenic Lovass was a TV journalist. He filmed seven average twenty-minute documentaries during the excursion. And back home later in Hungary, several television channels aired those documentary films that aroused curiosity among the Hungarian people which was natural at all. Since the films are in Hungarian language, I could not understand what the narrator was saying but a translated English text, as I have received here as, reads the following:

“According to Ferenc Lovass, there are only two places where you can experience such burial in the whole world: in the Szeklers and in the bushes among the high mountains of Nepal. Burial habits are so deeply rooted in a culture of people that this could be a testament to kinship. Unfortunately, the materials, documents and movies taken with Nepal did not really attract the interest of academic circles.”

Ferenc Lovass’ assertion above of Hungarian Szeklers and Nepal’s high mountain burial sites, as being similar and only two places in the whole world may be contested. It may seem possible though - as there are some similarities in between Siberian and Kham Magar shamanistic rituals.

Further to it, another translated version of a text in English says a  lot indeed and is posted below without any change received here as it is as:

“Without creating any unrealistic expectation or sensation, we believe that burial habits, carved symbols of shreds, shamanism, runic writing, and farming (corn bonding, drying, jar and faeke (?) are the same as today in any Hungarian villages, where they are still in the traditional way), the way of weaving, the details of everyday life in our movie, the wretched ones, the origins of origin and the ancient language all contain a similar element that can be discovered by the layman, which deserves more curiosity for professionals.”
 
Magas, Mangar or Mangara’ Magyar and Magar etc.

There was a news report in The New York Times of November 7, 2014 that Laszlo Magas had played an important role for the fall of Berlin wall[4]. I am more interested here in his last name ‘Magas’ than whatever was his contribution to the process of democratization in Hungary or elsewhere.

In the Mahabharata, a Hindu epic, section 6 chapter 12  also there is a mentioning of ‘Maga, Magas or Magasa’[5] and in the same manner, the  Kurma Puran 49.36 and Vishnu Puran 2.4.69 have also  ‘Mangar or Mangara’ in them. Some Indian and western scholars believe that ‘Maga and Magas or Magasa’ were Magars in the ancient times but I  think it is a matter of further studies. The word ‘Magas’ comes from a Sanskrit word ‘Maga’which also meant the sun worshipping Brahmins living in Sakadvip,(Saka > Scythians + Dvip> island). In Sanskrit ‘Magas’ also means warlike people of Sakadvip ( Monier 1899: 772).

AHyde Clarke writes - a distinguished scholar on Magyar  Gottlieb Wilhelm Leitner believed 'the tribe of Hunza as possibly connected to the Huns, the founders of 'the Hungarian nation'. In the early India, kings received their names from the place and people they ruled such as Kamboja, (now in east Afghanistan)  Panini's grammar, 4.1.175, (5 B.C.) which teaches that the Kamboja (in E. Afghanistan) call their king by the same name.

Continued ...



[1] It means people belonging to  ‘Kyapchhak’ .  Both Hodgson and Clarke have written  ‘Kyapchaki’ .  Please Kipchaks 

[2] ‘Rana’ is an earned title in the battle. It  comes from Sanskrit word ‘rajanya’ meaning ‘of the raja‘> ‘a king’ - a ruler or subordinate ruler etc.’ A full paper can be written on the ‘Rana title’ the various rulers  enjoyed in the medieval  age  in south Asia or beyond.
[3] It is to be noted that Brian Hodgson enumerates as a tribe of Magar, in Nepaul, the Kyapchaki. This may have given name to the well known Tartar kingdom, and become associated with Lesghian tribes in joint expeditions”
[4] Laszlo Magas helped organize a Pan-European picnic in Sopron on the Austrian border that, in 1989, provided a first death knell for the Berlin Wall. Hundreds of East Germans used the occasion to pour across the once-sealed frontier.
[5]  Tatra punya janapadasha chatwaro loksammta:
Magas (Magasha) ch mashkash chaiva manasa mandagasa tatha |33|
("तत्र पुण्या जनपदाश चत्वारॊ लॊकसंमताः
मगाश मशकाश चैव मानसा मन्दगास तथा |३३|")